Patents

 International arrangements:

  • WIPO (from 19 February 1998)

Note: Although Ethiopia is not a member of the Paris Union, priority may still be claimed from a foreign application filed not more than twelve months previously.

Types of Patents available:

  • Patents of Invention
  • Patents of Introduction (Patents of Importation)

Novelty requirements:

Absolute novelty is required. However, novelty will not be destroyed if the disclosure of the invention to the public occurred not earlier than twelve months preceding the filing date or where applicable the priority date, and it was as a consequence of:

  • acts committed by the applicant or his predecessor in title, or
  • an abuse committed by a third party with regard to the applicant or his predecessor in title.

Patentability:

Diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical methods for the treatment of humans and animals are not patentable. However, products for use in any such methods may be patented.

Filing requirements:

Patents of Invention:

  • Power of Attorney (legalised) (can be late filed within one month)
  • Specification, claims and abstract in English (required on the day of filing)
  • International Patent Classification (required on the day of filing)
  • Formal drawings, if applicable (required on the day of filing)
  • Assignment of Invention (legalised)
  • Certificate of Incorporation (legalised)
  • Priority document with verified English translation (to be lodged within three months)

Patents of Introduction:

  • Power of Attorney (legalised) (can be late filed within one month)
  • Specification, claims and abstract in English (required on the day of filing)
  • Formal drawings, if applicable (required on the day of filing)
  • Certificate of Incorporation (legalised)
  • Certified copy of basic foreign granted patent (required on the day of filing)

Grant:

The term of a Patent of Invention is fifteen years from the filing date. However the term of the patent may be extended for a further period of five years provided that proof is furnished that the invention is being properly worked in Ethiopia. The Patent of Introduction expires with the patent on which it is based, with a maximum term of ten years.

Renewal:

Renewal fees fall due annually commencing on the first anniversary of the filing date.

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